Initially, biogas use in Ethiopia, a country of over 85 million people, was under the collective cooking houses in Addis Ababa. Introduced in 1979, over 1000 plants had been constructed by 2008, with about 500 of them in use. Over 90% of all citizens rely on biomass fuel for cooking and lighting. And with 77% of agricultural families having cattle, many Ethiopians are eligible for biogas installation.
The standardized Sinidu Fixed Dome model is the most preferred plant in Ethiopia. As of September 2013, over 7024 plants had been constructed in 102 Woredas. Operating as the National Biogas Programme –Ethiopia, the programme is operational in four regions of Oromiya, Amhara, Tigray and SNNPRS. The programme has also trained over 5600 users on maintenance, 2560 of them female.
Development of a special biogas stove that can bake Injera, a traditional flatbread national dish in Ethiopia made of teff flour, is ongoing and distributed to four regions for final test.
Bio-slurry extension has about 90% of all plants with a slurry pit, with 85% having compost pits for organic manure. Use of bio-slurry has seen improved agricultural production and incomes in many regions, including from sale of excess slurry to other farmers. With 63% of all plants connected to the latrines, setting an enviable example to other programmes, sanitation and hygiene levels have continued to improve.
What is the implementation infrastructure?
In its first phase, the biogas program will be executed in the 4 national regional states However, after the 1st phase it will be scaled up to other regions. Currently, the biogas program is implemented in 102 woredas/districts of the 4 national regional states namely;
• SNNPR : 11 woredas;
• Oromiya : 42 woredas
• Amhara : 21 woredas ;
• Tigray : 28 woredas
Key implementation Approach/strategies
Multi actor: The promotion and dissemination of NBP is implemented through the active participation of different stakeholders such as government, private sector, civil society, cooperatives, donors and users.
Public private partnership: Government, NGOs, private, sector are involved and make strong partnership for the successful dissemination of the technology in the country.
Market-oriented/Commercial: users buy the technology (construction materials, appliances and labor) with reasonable costs from the competitive market.
How has been the trend of production over the years?
With a significant growth of biogas production from 2009 to 2013 and the trend shows progressive growth from year to year as indicated in the following table:
|2008||2009||2010||2011||2012||2013 (end of Sept)||Total|
|# of digester built||98||30||731||1643||2509||2013||7024|
Key implementation challenges
• High cement price ( 500 Birr/Qt)
• High investment cost of the biogas plant ( increase in the price of construction materials)
• Inadequate promotion of the program
• Lack of credit service for biogas program